India

Failure to create effective deterrent to limit Pakistan enduring liability

shubham sharma
[ May 27, 2017 ] No lessons have been learnt from the 2008 and 2010 uprisings on how to simultaneously dominate the Line of Control, suppress militancy, and secure the high ground in the information space through youth outreach. The failure to create an effective deterrent to limit Pakistan’s ability to interfere in Kashmir is an enduring liability. Inadequate use of force against militants-turned-terrorists who are Pakistani nationals, coupled with absence of a political process, has cost the State dearly. Lessons were not learnt from uprisings in 2008 and 2010 to deal with a triad of interlinked operational issues — domination of Line of Control (LoC), suppression of militancy and securing the high ground in the information space with a youth outreach programme. As before, when the lid was put on, the underlying reasons for the violent protests this time, a false calm was restored. The new wave of militancy has attracted the local youth — of the 190 militants in Jammu & Kashmir, for the first time, 70 per cent are locals from well to do families and well educated, some of them Pakistan returned. Militants are highly motivated, driven by religious fervour and charged with radical and communal ideas. A sense of romanticism has also crept in among the Wani brigade who is ready to die for a cause. The most distressing phase of new-age militancy is locals hampering security force operations to take out militants holed up in villages. Women ring-fence parts of the military cordon to facilitate getaway of militants and even try to snatch weapons from security forces. Loud hailers from mosques denounce the operations and laud their trapped heroes. The situation gets worse during funerals of slain terrorists when crowds mixed with militants attack security force personnel and military installations. Wani had more than 50,000 mourners, a large number by funeral standards. What can be more demoralizing for soldiers than the terrorists they have killed, frequently sacrificing their comrades, being glorified and deified by locals. No insurgency can be subdued without local support.In February this year, Army Chief General Bipin Rawat had warned local people who appeared to sympathize and support terrorists, that they would be treated as "anti-nationals" and would face harsher action.Nearly 100 people were killed and over 12,000 were injured in clashes that broke out across Kashmir after terrorist Burhan Wani was killed in an encounter with security forces last year.Sabzar Ahmad Bhat, who succeeded Hizbul Mujahideen terrorist Burhan Wani, was among eight terrorists who have been killed in separate encounters in Jammu and Kashmir today. While two of the terrorists killed were holed up in a building in Pulwama district"s Tral area, six others were killed by the Indian Army as it successfully foiled an infiltration attempt along the Line of Control or LoC in Rampur sector in Baramulla district.It is great time for the political representatives to back security forces in Kashmir. That was a message being sent to those creating unrest in the Kashmir Valley and also to those who don’t want solution for Kashmir. This is an appropriate time in which we can move further, and takes the best possible actions against the militants.The period of the early 1990s was different. There was no border fencing and the deployment of the Army internally was miniscule. The massacre of Kashmiri Pundits has changed the demography forever in the Valley. Militancy when it commenced was not considered a serious enough threat initially. Hence, spread rapidly.We have to stand with army and government also have to appreciate these kind of actions taken by army rather than condemning it. Terrorists get local and political support in which army and our security forces find it difficult to work. Whenever, these kinds of incidents took place locals and some politicians held protest demonstrations against the security forces.Today, we have to understand the real situation of Kashmir and works for its permanent solution rather than temporary one.