Jammu city requires 47.5 MGD per day, availability from all sources only 45.5 MGD

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[ July 25, 2017 ] Formulate comprehensive plan for up-gradation of irrigation system No doubt to provide potable water to a population of over 1.25 crore is a challenge for the department but Government failed to envisage minimizing existing water supply gaps by tapping more sources of water and conserving the existing available resources. The twin cities of Srinagar and Jammu having combined population of over 26 lakh requires 135.13 MGD of drinking water, while as the Department is only able to supply only 114.86 MG on daily basis. In order to further augment the drinking water facility in Srinagar city two water supply schemes costing Rs 269. 37 crore are apace under JNNURM. Rs 224.83 crore have been utilised on the construction of these WSS upto last financial year. Construction of WSS Sukhnag and Tangnar are being completed during current financial year.To meet the future water demand of Jammu city, a detailed project report of Rs 886 crore has been formulated and submitted to Union Ministry of Urban Development for sanction of funds. Under town scheme, 70 WSS, including 44 in Jammu with an estimated cost of Rs 277.44 crore are under execution in different towns of the State. Under Rural Water Supply Schemes, State has a rural population of 91.08 lakh which is spread over 15798 habitations. Under NRDWP 1461 Water Supply Schemes are coming up with an estimated cost of Rs 2625.18 crore and against which expenditure of Rs 1127.91 crore has been booked up to last financial year. Construction work of 182 water supply schemes is expected to be completed during current financial year which would provide drinking water facility to 317 more habitations of the State.To ensure supply of quality drinking water, 22 laboratories have been established at district headquarters besides two State Level labs one each at Srinagar and Jammu have been set up.695 deep drilled hand pumps will be completed during current financial year besides 339 rural schools would be provided drinking water facility.Comprehensive plan for up-gradation of irrigation system needs to be formulated. New irrigation canals, improvement and extension of existing irrigation system should be prioritised to enhance agriculture productivity in the State.Union Government has launched a new programme Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojna (PMKSY) for which the Department is formulating a comprehensive project report to Centre for approval of funds for further augmenting irrigation facilities in the State. In Jammu city the water requirement is 47.5 MGD per day but total availability from all the sources is only 45.5 MGD as such there is a shortfall of 2 MGD. He said that 40% water gets wasted as the pipes have not been replaced since independence.The frequent power cuts further increase problem of water shortage as pumping stations stop functioning in the absence of electricity. PHE Department has made unproductive investment. All the defunct tubewell should be re-developed and operationalized for which only meager investment is required. There is need to establish check drams in Kandi areas on the pattern of Gujarat and clearance of all the impediments in early start of work on Chenab Water Supply Scheme.Under State Sector Capex Budget funds to the tune of Rs 1087 lakh under Major-Medium Irrigation, Rs 425 lakh under Minor Irrigation and Rs 2475 lakh under Flood Control Sector have been released in respect of Irrigation and Flood Control Department Jammu during the year 2015-16.However, for Kashmir region, an amount of Rs 3640.37 lakh was released under Major-Medium Irrigation, Rs 229.33 lakh under Minor Irrigation and Rs 15665.14 lakh was released under Flood Control Sector. “This indicates that Jammu region has been discriminated with.Power problem is one of the main reasons for failure of water schemes. Wastage of water should be taken care of. E-tendering should be for works above Rs 5 lakh and for small works there should be no e-tendering.Apart from digging up tube wells to meet local drinking water needs, public health engineering (PHE) department should also envisage a scheme to use Chenab river to meet the growing demand of potable water in the winter capital of the state but it has failed to conduct any study in the last six decades to assess the loss of water enroute before it reaches households.Despite the fact that a survey on the water-losses was very crucial for any future planning but since independence, the department has not considered it important and has never conducted any survey.It is the Asian Development Bank (ADB), on whose instructions, the Economic Reconstruction Agency (ERA) has started a project to conduct Non-Revenue Water Study of Jammu city. Consultant has been engaged by ERA in Jammu city, who would conduct study by installing water meters in various localities of Jammu city to access the actual loss of water. Meters will be installed on tube-wells, overhead tanks and in households, from where meter readings will be taken to complete the study. The entire city is facing an acute drinking water shortage as the Public Health Engineering (PHE) Department has reduced operation of pumping stations and filtration plants following accumulation of silt in the machinery due to recent flash floods in the Tawi. Close to 25 million gallon water is lifted every day and department has no other alternative to meet the growing demands of the expanding city. In order to meet the requirements, PHED has decided to use GPS/GPRS based device for vehicle tracking, which possess multiple device synchronization with central server application in the architecture of GPS device. The purpose is to check the movement of tankers used for Water transport and to ascertain that the service is optimally utilized. GPS based movement monitoring application is identified as a tool to ascertain the service levels achieved by Tankers. For this the PHED plans to establish a monitoring facility for vehicle movement where every vehicle will be fitted with GPS based tracking device with online data transfer facility. PHED desires to avail advantages by implementing the system, reports on actual trip of tankers against the scheduled trips on daily basis, stoppage reports at designated locations, route or schedule deviation reports for the water tankers, alerting on idle hours for better co-ordination and performance. It will help to ensure that tanker truck operators did not collect water from contaminated sources. The district administration is of the view that the new system would make operations of tanker trucks more transparent and efficient as well as ensure the quality of water. The administration came up with the initiative after receiving several complaints against tankers distributing contaminated water collected from different sources.However it would not be possible for the district administration to monitor all trucks supplying water. Motor vehicles department (MVD) would have to step in to implement a system to monitor all trucks. "It is known that tanker trucks supplying water are used for other purposes. There are several instances of tankers transporting septage waste is used for supplying water. Most of these vehicles move at night or early morning hours, curbing such activities would require the involvement of MVD.We hope in course of time a system will be put in place to check all tanker trucks. "With the help of GPS tracking system the district administration, taluk and village offices and local bodies can monitor water supply through trucks. The MPs and MLAs from the district can also track the trucks.