India

Population in India continues to increase at an alarming rate

Shubham Sharma
[ July 31, 2017 ] Is population explosion a boon or a curse? For the European developed countries like Spain and Italy, where the population is decreasing, this might be considered as a boon. However, for the developing countries like India, population explosion is a curse and is damaging to the development of the country and its society. The developing countries already facing a lack in their resources, and with the rapidly increasing population, the resources available per person are reduced further, leading to increased poverty, malnutrition, and other large population-related problems. India, being a developing country, has had to face several economic and political challenges. One of the most important problems is the population explosion. India"s population hit 1 billion in May 2000, increasing the urgency for the country to moderate its population growth. Some of the reasons for this population explosion are poverty, better medical facilities, and immigration from the neighboring countries of Bangladesh and Nepal.The population density of India in 1996 was about 287 persons per square kilometer (Encyclopedia Britannica, Internet). Several solutions to decrease the rate of population increase have been tried by the government, some successful, some unsuccessful. Although the rate of increase has decreased, the rate has not reached the satisfactory level yet. The population in India continues to increase at an alarming rate. The effects of this population increase are evident in the increasing poverty, unemployment, air and water pollution, and shortage of food, health resources and educational resources. People before many years could have died by a simple flu. Next they were able to fight and cure deadly germs that once killed them. Moreover, because of the technology , people could produce more and different kinds of food. Gradually over the years, these discoveries and inventions spread throughout the world, lowering death rates and improving the quality of life. During the past ten years, the world’s food production has increased by 24 percent, outpacing the rate of population growth. As we all know India got second rank in terms of population .The current population status of India is 1,343,661,634 as of Sunday July 30, 2017 based on latest United Nation estimates .Basically the population census is done by Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India, Ministry of Home Affairs, and Government of India after every 10 year. This is the only estimation count because it is not possible to go each and every house of the country and counting people .This estimation are based upon assumption about existing population size that is number of individual, fertility rate, mortality, natility and migration in a particular geographic area. “As World’s population booms, will the resources be enough for us”? A big question arises. Overpopulation is not just the increase in population but a dramatic increase of our recent consumption of natural resources. Hence a great battle between overpopulation and limited resources arises. Population is a smallest level of ecological analysis .With the increase of population the basic needs and requirements also increases day by day. Human population grows more rapidly than our ability to produce food .As the capacity of our earth to produce food is less as compared to population increases , it cause an immense pressure on the earth to produce food at a high rate .This leads to hunger and starvation .Due to increase in population ,the poverty and lack of economic opportunities also increases because development depends upon population .Population should be modified to suit the prevailing economic conditions .If development is not fast enough to meet growing needs of the population ,it would result in poverty and overpopulation . Therefore, the developing countries must check the population growth if they wish to develop. Due to improved medical science and technology, death rate decline faster than the birth rate and it burdens the available infrastructure and we are facing a problem of congestion in urban areas .People clean and cut down large number of green meadows and forest for the construction of buildings, dams, monuments, roads etc. They are busy in developing modern or cosmopolitan cities but they really forgot the adverse effect of nature and at last we all have to pay a great amount by loosing lives in floods, cloud burst, drought etc. Overpopulation has also adverse effect on the equitable distribution of income. The increase in Gross National Product is greatly reduced in per capita terms. Education plays an important role in controlling overpopulation as well as conservation of natural resources .With the help of television, newspaper, debates, etc. we can curb this . Many national and international conferences were held like the United Nation conference on Earth and Development, Rio de Janeiro focused on the linkage between population, natural resources and quality of life. Along with it family planning is introduce and educate the women about sex education. At last I would like to say that “It is our duty to conserve our natural resources in such a way that our future generations can also use them”.